Accident Detection & Assist

A road safety Assistant

Kochi

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Technologies Used

Mongoose
Big Data
Machine Learning
Google Map API
Volley Library
Sensors
Firebase API
JSON
Javascript (Angular / JQuery / Node)
MongoDB
nodeJS

Project Team

Humraz Mohamed Hussain Sait
Developer
Asif Ali
Developer

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About

Every day around the world, a large percentage of people die from traffic accident injuries. An effective approach for reducing traffic fatalities is: first building automatic traffic accident detection system, second, reducing the time between when an accident occurs and when first emergency responders are dispatched to the scene of the accident. Recent approaches are using built-in vehicle automatic accident detection and notification system. While these approaches work fine, they are expensive, maintenance is complex task, and are not available in all cars. On the other hand, the ability to detect traffic accidents using smartphones has only recently become possible because of the advances in the processing power and sensors deployed on smartphones. Most of the smartphone based accident detection systems rely on the high speed of the vehicle (extracted from the smartphone GPS receiver) and the G-Force value (extracted from smartphone accelerometer sensor) to detect an accident. As many references assure that 90% of road-traffic accidents occur at low speed of the vehicle. Hence, in addition to the high speed accident detection, this paper concentrates on low speed car accident detection. The main obstacle that encounters the low speed accident is how to differentiate whether the user is inside the vehicle or outside the vehicle, walking or slowly running. The effect of this obstacle is minimized, in this work, by a proposed mechanism that distinguishes between the speed variation of low speed vehicle and walking or slowly running person. The proposed system consists of two phases; the detection phase which is used to detect car accident in low and high speeds. The notification phase, and immediately after an accident is indicated, is used to send detailed information such as accident location, etc. to the emergency responder for fast recovery. Traffic accidents are a major public issue worldwide. The huge number of injuries and death as a result of road traffic accident uncovers the story of global crisis of road safety. Road collisions are the second leading cause of death for people between the ages of 5 and 29 and third leading cause for people between 30 and 44. The most obvious reason for a person's death during accidents is unavailability of the first aid provision, which is due to the delay in the information of the accident being reached to the ambulance or to the hospital. Thus, in the case of incidents involving vehicular accidents, response time is crucial for the timely delivery of emergency medical services to accident victims and is expected to have an impact on fatalities. Moreover, each minute passed while an injured crash victims do not receive emergency medical care can make a large difference in their survival rate, for example, analysis shows that decreasing accident response time by 1 minute correlates to a six percent difference in the number of lives saved. Thus, the reduction in response time would occur with widespread implementation of enhanced traffic technologies that are used to reduce the response time and thus reducing traffic fatalities. The early experiences with these technologies are concerned with development of Advance traffic management system (ATMS) and development of automatic car accident detection and notification system built-in vehicles in United States (U.S). The ATMS is based on traffic sensors that are used to monitor the traffic and detect the accidents. These traffic sensors are installed in main highway; some of them are installed under the surface of the road such as loop detectors. However, in this system, finding the traffic sensors in every roads process is impossible, since the traffic sensors are installed in main highways only, besides, the installation cost of these sensors are high. Apart from that, these traffic sensors are affected by the environment. For example some of traffic sensors are not perform well in the snow environment. Other systems, the automatic accident detection and notification systems are equipped with the most recent manufactures vehicles, such as BMW and General Motor (GM), which depend on the vehicle on-board sensors to detect the accident and utilize the built-in radio cellular to notify the emergency responders. However, the fast evolution of the technology requires the upgrading the software or even some hardware features of the vehicles in order to install the automatic accident detection and notification system, while the installation cost of these system inside the vehicles are expensive. Also, these systems are not considered as a standard option for all vehicles in U.S and other countries, these systems are just equipped with specific type of the vehicles in U.S such as BMW and GM. These facts are the ones that motivated the researchers to prove the advantages of using the smartphone in development of car accident detection and notification systems. The benefits of the smartphone that can be exploited to develop these systems are: Clearly known that the user renews the smartphone much more frequently compared with the vehicle and the smartphones are more frequently updated in software and even in hardware. Likewise, invention of smartphones gave birth to a lot of innovative technology and exchanging information globally has become more prominent. Smartphones gave a new dimension to the usage of mobile phones for the users. Regardless, the use of a smartphone gives the possibility of having additional sensors, advance power processor and communication interfaces, which permits to develop traffic accident detection and notification system that predicts when an accident has occurred based on sensor inputs to the smartphone without need to interaction with a car or changing anything in the car. On the other hand, the low cost of the smartphones compared to the existing traffic technologies. Moreover, smartphones travel with their owners, providing accident detection regardless of whether or not the vehicle is equipped with an accident detection and notification system, and whether there is a traffic sensor installed on the road or not. ............ https://github.com/humraz/ADA ... https://github.com/aravi123/ADA

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